Without However, Iago uses each opportunity to

Without a doubt, most Shakespearean tragedies explore the theme of appearance and reality. Shakespeare’s literature provides an in-depth portrayal of the theme through the character’s development and their inability to see the truth. Certainly, the theme of appearance and reality is heavily explored in many aspects of the play Othello. As the plot thickens, the theme is evident through the character’s soliloquies, their interactions with other characters and the actions they commit to drive the plot.As the characters develop, their growth is affected by their perception of reality as evident in their soliloquies. During Iago’s first soliloquy, Iago states that “The Moor is of a free, and open nature.” (Act 1, scene III) Iago’s soliloquy reveals his dubious personality as he plans to take advantage of Othello’s trusting nature and exploit Othello’s weaknesses. Furthermore, Iago states that his seemingly honest reputation allows him to use others for his own gain. Overall, the soliloquy reveals Iago’s villainous thoughts while he maintains his honest reputation in front of others. Once again, Iago reinforces his ideals and further illustrates his plan during another soliloquy in Act two. Iago states, “I play the villain? When this advice is free I give and honest.” (Act 2, scene III) Describing his plan, Iago deludes himself to believe that his opinions Zhuang 2are honest, but in reality these opinions are lies that will cause the downfall of many. Ironically, Iago’s corrupt beliefs clouds his own judgement although he plans to turn Othello against and Desdemona through lies. To further slander Desdemona, Iago states in the same soliloquy that “devils will the blackest sins put on…at first with heavenly shows.”(Act 2, scene III) Although the quote refers to Desdemona, the quote also refers to himself since he appears to be honest and just which are “heavenly” qualities. However, he carries malicious intentions which is “devil” like under those”heavenly” qualities. During this point of the play, Iago’s dark intentions has clouded his own perception of reality. Hence, the confusion between appearance and reality affect the characters’ development and is further explored in their soliloquies.Throughout the play, characters lie to deceive others or fall victim to those lies. From the play’s beginning, Iago deceives Othello such that Othello confides to Iago for advice. However, Iago uses each opportunity to exploit Othello’s insecurities. In Act three scene three, Iago deceives Othello into thinking that Desdemona is having an affair with Cassio and warns Othello to “beware” of ‘jealousy.”(Act 3, scene II) To further evoke jealousy within Othello, Iago further states “They do let heaven see the pranks they dare not show their husbands.”(Act 3, scene II); an obvious lie regarding Desdemona’s supposed infidelity. As a result, Othello is overcome with jealousy despite his wife’s innocence. Othello gives into his character flaw as he fails to see Desdemona’s loyalty and Iago’s devious plan. Hence, Othello is manipulated by Iago although Iago is viewed by Othello as an honest friend helping his cause. Following Cassio’s loss of power in Act two scene three, Iago seemingly comforts Cassio as he states “Reputation is an idle and most false imposition.”(Act 2, scene III) Although Cassio’s reputation is ruined, he remains Zhuang 3good-willed and feels guilty for his wrongdoings as he states “I have lost the immortal part of myself…what remains is bestial.”(Act 2, scene III) In contrast, Iago abuses his reputation and manipulates Cassio. The two characters are juxtaposed much similar to that of appearance is juxtaposed with reality since Cassio is deemed unworthy while Iago is viewed as just, but in reality the two are opposites of their deemed reputation. Therefore, the characters’ perception of appearance and reality affects their interactions with others.    Doubtlessly, the actions and decisions of characters are driven by their impressions of certain situations. Without reevaluating Iago’s words, Othello assumes Iago’s lies as the truth. Nearing the climax of the plot, Iago claims to have overheard Desdemona having an affair with Cassio and states “I heard him say “Sweet Desdemona…let us hide our loves.”(Act 3, scene III) The following quote illustrates Iago’s ability to manipulate the truth to provoke Othello. Taking in Iago’s words without question, Othello swears revenge on Desdemona. Full of vengeance, he slanders his wife with derogatory terms such as “lewd minx” and states “Arise, black vengeance…to tyrannus hate!”(Act 3, scene III) The quotes suggest that Othello is blinded by jealousy as he cannot cope with Desdemona’s supposed betrayal. As a result of Othello’s inability to see the truth and falling victim to Iago’s lies, Othello plots Desdemona’s murder despite her obvious love and devotion towards Othello. In addition, Othello plots the murder of Cassio; his once trusted lieutenant and comrade. Under the impression that Cassio has an affair with Desdemona, Othello angrily instructs Iago to kill Cassio and that “Cassio’s not alive.” (Act 3, scene III) Hence, Othello’s false impression of reality will cause the downfall of two innocent and loyal characters. Following Iago’s influence on Othello, Othello cannot help but perceive his Zhuang 4wife as disloyal which causes him to berate her. During the couple’s greeting with Lodovico in Act four scene one, Othello slaps Desdemona and states “each drop she falls would prove a crocodile”. (Act 4, scene I) The quote indicates that Othello believes that Desdemona’s tears and emotions are fake just like her love. Therefore, a character’s decisions under the wrong impression affects the plot development and leads to the downfall of others.    Overall, the theme of appearance and reality occurs in many of the dialogues, soliloquies and actions of the characters within the play. The perception of reality drives the plot and the characters’ development. Thus, the theme of appearance and reality is crucial to the play Othello as the theme reinforces the main message of the play