There talk over or give an opinion to

There are several types of culture: work culture, environmental culture, behavioural culture and so forth. In the context of diversity, I’ll be speaking about work and environmental culture. Incidentally, in cultures where people are shy about giving opinions, you’ll notice that the empathetic style of listening—where you never ask for an opinion—works wonderfully. A person from such a culture will feel much more comfortable in a conversation where opinion and preference never come up. (Indi Young, 2015)For example, in Asian culture, it’s rude to talk over or give an opinion to elders. This makes things difficult in the design thinking/creative stance. ‘For girls of colour, meeting the ‘niceness’ expectation requires overcoming racially discriminatory barriers to acceptance.’ (Rizvi, 2017) This links up to Malcolm Gladwell ‘Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes’, where he explains that ‘less powerful members of organisations and institutions accept and expect that power is distributed unequally’ especially in ‘low power distance index countries’ like Singapore, Hong Kong, and Jamaica. (Gladwell, 2008) “I get criticked in the way I do public speaking, and people ask me to “talk in a way which is normal”, but they don’t get that this is how ethnic people of colour and background different to them speak.” Arfah Farooq, Muslamic Makers”I see it in Brunei, these women are frustrated. It’s equal opportunity, but women are more frustrated and want to express themselves more, self-expression, be able to sustain themselves based on that.”Chai and Jirah, CreativateThis claim that the culture of origin affects the later scenarios (whether it’s a plane crash or a workplace meeting) reinforces the idea of environmental culture affecting the work culture as one affects the other. So in a world where women are expected to “be seen and not heard” and be demure and ladylike in the work place, ‘all I hear and see all day are men speaking their opinion, and I give mine in the same exact manner, and you would have thought I had said something offensive.’ (Rizvi, 2017)