There participants slept and/or took a medicine

There were 63 respondents who filled the
questionnaire (26 males and 37 females). According to Table 1.1, majority of
the students experienced migraine at most once a week. This applied for both
gender: 80.8% of male and 64.9% of female students. The overall number did not
differ much; however, the result showed that the number of female students who
suffered from migraine twice or thrice a week doubled the amount of male
students of the same category. According to WHO (2016), migraine is more common
in women than men with a ratio 2:1, caused by hormonal activity. Previous
studied showed that estrogen and progesterone played a role in pathogenesis of
migraine (Martin & Behbehani, 2006). As these two hormones are found in
women, the incidence of migraine in women was higher than men. Moreover, female
students tended to have longer duration of migraine than male. The majority of
male student (50%) had migraine for less than 1 hour, while the majority of
female student (48.7%) had migraine for 1 until 6 hours. This might be caused
by the same reason as the previous condition.

Furthermore, most of the students (79.4%) did
not experience any additional symptom when they suffered from migraine. The
remaining students (20.6%) commonly felt nausea when they got a migraine. The
other symptoms were anxiety, stomachache, unable to concentrate, moody,
irritation, fatigue, and pain around neck. According to Silberstein (1994),
nausea was commonly associated with migraine, while WHO (2016) stated that
abdominal symptoms, such as stomachache, was prominent in children who got a
migraine. As these symptoms were disabling, migraine treatment was essential.

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Based on the survey, most participants slept and/or
took a medicine (e.g. painkiller or headache medicine) when they got a
migraine. It was reasonable as headache could be seen as a symptom of tiredness
(Marcovitch, 2009). Furthermore, Campbell, Hay, & Tonks (1951) stated that hydration
of blood that simultaneously occurred with excessive secretion of sodium marked
the early stage of migraine. Therefore, water consumption was essential to
treat migraine. However, there were also some participants who did nothing;
they just waited until the migraine is gone. As the cause of migraine varies,
the treatments for this disease were also assorted.