The U.S. valued justice and fairness for all, believing everyone in the world should live in harmony, however this value was difficult to maintain in the essence of War World II. Their justification for the denotation of the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was that the Japanese were too stubborn to give up, and it prevented an unnecessary large quantity of deaths of American soldiers, believing if they commenced a land invasion instead it would have led to a greater number of casualties on both sides combined then those who died at the hands of the atomic bomb in Japan. While lessening the casualties on the American side, it was a nightmare to the citizens of Japan, killing thousands of innocent people, women and children not old enough to comprehend the gravity of war. The prolonged effects of radiation plagued the Japanese citizens of the bombings if they weren’t killed from immediate impact. The Japanese by mid-1945 were nearly defenseless and the U.S. could have used conventional bombing to obtain the same war ending affect. The dropping of the atomic bombs Little boy and Fat Man were not a military necessity to end the war, something of such magnitude was not needed unless to engrave fear and as a demonstration of power and superiority.
Japan was already in a weakened state; the U.S. placed an embargo on them limiting their source of oil which was crucial in the war. It was used for airplanes, tanks, jeeps, as a lubricant for machinery and guns, and used to make the main component in TNT bombs, without oil they could not continue a war. (historynewsnetwork.org) The Japanese were bombed hard already from American air craft and suffered significant losses, from the Tokyo raid casualties reached to that of over 100,000. They were in no state to continue and looked towards surrender. The Japanese gave signs of wanting to surrender using code they knew the enemy could decipher. On July12th U.S. navy code breakers deciphered a message from Japan which contained their willingness to surrender. These messages were ignored and evidently the U.S. proceeded with the bombings. (fpp.co.uk) The supreme commander of the allied forces in Europe Dwight D. Eisenhower was already aware of japan being in such a state and in the position to surrender. He said to the secretary of war “Japan was already defeated and dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary.” Not only was he aware of Japans defenselessness but so was the entire senior U.S. officer corps, Commanding general of the U.S. army air forces, and Commander in chief of the U.S. pacific fleets who stated “The Japanese had, in fact, already sued for peace, the atomic bomb played no decisive part, from a purely military point of view, in the defeat of Japan.” The chief of staff to president Truman even went as far as to say “the use of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender.”(commondreams.org) The bombings were admittingly unnecessary.
The dropping of the bombs was against international law, intentionally targeting innocent civilians constituted a war crime. In 1938 on the 39th of September the league of nations outlawed the intentional bombings of civilian populations, recognizing weapons of mass destruction. Even though being separate from the league of nations the U.S. as a beacon of hope and model of human rights to the rest of the world should have met the conduct agreed to by the rest of the world. (historyonthenet.com) The bombings were a retaliation against Japan for the attack on pearl harbor, an event that went down in infamy in American history. The Japanese were to pay for their insolence severely, the U.S. getting back at them tenfold. When addressing the American people about the bombing of Hiroshima Truman states “The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold.”(http://theweek.com) This shows the resentment the U.S. still had for the Japanese people because of the devastation they caused and their disposition to ingrain a fear so deep into the hearts of the Japanese they’d think twice about messing with the U.S. The onslaught caused great agony for the Japanese, Innocent civilians’ men, women, children as young as the age of two, and senior citizens were killed in great quantities. Buildings destroyed on a mass scale. Those who survived the attack faced severe burns and mutations and suffered the results of radiation poisoning which caused cancerous affects. All they could do was gaze at what remained, the charred carcasses of their loved ones and annihilation of their homes. (atomicbombmuseum.org) The total amount of causalities ranged from 140,000 to 350,000. (news.bbc.co.uk) Which was up to 100 times greater than the death toll of pearl harbor which was only 2,403.(en.internationalism.org) The atomic bomb was excessive in manner. The U.S. could have used bombs of lesser magnitude like those used in the Tokyo raid to achieve the same war ending affect. The Bombardment left 100,00 Japanese citizens dead and 1,000,000 homeless causing great destruction and suffering. (japantimes.co.jp) It would have been effective if those same types of bombs were used again in place of the Atomic bombs. Though it may have taken a little longer to end the war through conventional methods of bombing, one main reason the U.S. wanted the war to end quickly besides ending the unnecessary loss of lives was to prevent Russia from occupying East Asia territory. The U.S. wanted to avoid the spread of Russia’s communist ideas from plaguing all of Asia and to achieve this the war needed to be ended within days not any longer. So, before Russia had the chance to declare war on japan the U.S. went ahead as planned and dropped the first Atomic bomb on Japan. (commondreams.org)
The U.S. cast aside their values and being recognized as a pillar for nations worldwide when they savagely bombed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, fueled by hate not necessity. They subjected the Japanese to such inhumanity, not because it was the only option to end the war and bring peace, but because it ended the war while demonstrating the power and capability of the U.S., this method of dropping the atomic bomb was chosen to engrave fear into the Japanese and the rest of the World, ultimately being an act of war-terrorism and changing the United States from a beacon of fair and consistent justice to a world superpower thriving off intimidation.