The to evolution in garden art and botanical science.

The Kew Garden was an urban park that have extraordinary place to visits and learn about plants but also learn about nature and learn about history of this century and located at set amongst a series of park and estates along the River Thames south western reaches and officially lunch in 1759 and established by Lord Henry Capell of Tewkesbury. The Kew Garden cover an area of 132 hectares within proposed buffer zone of approximately 350 hectares and become known as the ‘largest and most diverse botanical and mycological collection in the world.     The Kew Garden appearance in world history its role in the history botany and big collections and connected with its important historic garden landscape and diverse range of highly significant architectural pieces set it apart from all botanic gardens. With the availability of the Kew Garden, then it many contributes in the study of the plant diversity, plant systematics and economic botany.     Kew Botanic Garden landscape planning has been spread throughout the world as a successful result because the planning is incorporate the plant collections and structure to appearance a distinctive evidence to evolution in garden art and botanical science. During the Joseph Banks administration in 1770, the 18th century English Landscape idea was accepted in Europe because Kew’s influence in vegetation category such as horticulture, plant classification and economic botany and has been growing and give a result in 19th century when this garden take over lead royal landscape garden.    After that, the Kew Garden according to time lapse with successful achievement when bring the past of the gardens development from royal retreat and pleasure garden to national botanical and horticulture garden before enhancing a modern institution of conservations ecology in 20th century.     Kew Garden form a unique cultural landscape of outstanding values because in their developments the gardens have taken many forms as various keynote architect and landscape designer sculpture and re-sculpture sites. In the half 19th century, the Kew Garden served the needs of the British Empire and were responsible for fundamental altering biodiversity and economies. According to time lapse, the Kew Garden open to the public and get one million visitors in year. This has result the garden have been listed in World Heritage UNESCO.Botanical Garden Singapore was being called as a City in a Garden because being an ornamental and recreational garden and its was also a scientific garden in its early year. It located at Singapore Orchard Roads shopping district. Sir Stamford Raffles was the founder and a keen naturalist of Singapore and set up the first botanical garden for introduced into cultivation economics cops in 1822 at Government Hill at Fort Cunning. The park has many attractions especially in botanical and horticultural attraction and a wonderful plants collection of worldwide significance. The development process of Botanical Garden Singapore is: -? 1882 – was set up by Sir Stanford Raffles to introduced cultivations economic cops? 1829 – it has been closed? 1859 – at Taglin site, new garden was developed by an agri – horticulture society? 1874 – handed over to government? June 2012 – ratified the World Heritage Convention ? Dec 2012 – submitted its World Heritage Tentative List to UNESCO? Jan 2014 – official nomination Dossier for the Garden submitted to UNESCO? Sep 2014 – a technical assessor from the International Council on Monuments and Sites                                                                                                         (ICOMOS) visit the garden as part of the bid evaluation process.  ? July 2015 – received inscription as a UNESCO World Heritage Committee     The Garden city Singapore located at centre of the city Singapore. This Garden demonstrates the evolution of a British tropical colonial botanic garden that have become a modern world class scientific institution used for both conservation and educations. The cultural landscape includes a rich variety of historic features, planting and building that demonstrates the development of the garden since its creation in 2859. It has been an important centre for science because they do a research and plant conservation and education notably in connection with the cultivation of rubber plantations in southeast Asia.     The Kew Garden improved city’s image and quality in agricultural because the park boast many contributes important in increasing the knowledge and understanding on the plant has many benefits and advantages to human beings able to be used as medicine, food and can be used in daily activities.    Since 18th centuries, Botanic Garden of Kew was closely related to the scientific exchange economy which was formed around the world in the field of botany and this is evidence by the wealth of their collections. In addition, features of the landscape within their garden and architecture reflect widespread artistic influence. Kew gardens also has a lot contributes to scientific progress in various field, especially botany and ecology. Besides that, landscape garden and building that have been created by famous artist such as Charles Bridgeman, William Chambers in the botanical garden reflect the beginning of a movement have international influence.    The Kew Garden since their creation in 18th century until now still have reminded faithful to their purpose with botanist continuing to collect specimen and exchange expertise internationally and the collections of living and stored are used by scholar over the world. Besides that, Kew Garden also still authenticity 44 listed monument of the past and reflect the stylist expression in various period.  They still maintain in the term of design materials and function. This has led the fact that Kew Garden have become the museum or store the architectural and landscape design history of architect in the past and it can be used as reference for future generation. BOTANICAL GARDEN SINGAPORE    The Botanical Garden improves city image and quality also in agricultural. This is because this is one of the world finest in term of both aesthetic appeal and the quality of its botanical collections. The garden has approximately 3,000 species of tropical and subtropical plants and an herbarium of about 500,000 preserved specimens. Much of the 31-hectare (80-acre) garden, which was founded by the British in the mid-19th century, was hewn out of the Malay jungle. More than 4 hectares (11 acres) of original jungle land have been preserved in their natural state. During its early years the garden served primarily as an experimental station for plants both native and imported with potential commercial value.    The purpose of the Botanical Garden is nurturing plants and decoration to review useful income crops from the region. In 1859, this garden has been established by agri-cultural for their community. The Botanical Garden also have been the farm of rubber plantation this because this place has been used as the largest rubber plantation in the past because industry automobile in Malaysia. When the Henry N. Ridley took over as superintendents in 1888, the garden been as a centre for research the Brazilian rubber tree and he develop an improved method tapping rubber trees that give result in a better yield in latex. His contributions have contributed greatly revolutionized the region economy.