The land of Scotland tells of beauty and history. “The term Scotland derives from the Latin Scotia, land of the Scots, a Celtic people from Ireland who settled on the west coast of Great Britain about the 5th century A.D. Scotland was first inhabited by mainland and southern Europeans.” (Macleod, Scotland) The first Celts came around 500 B.C. and battled the people of Britain with their iron swords and vanished the Europeans. The Romans started arriving around A.D. 43 and occupied the British Isles. Romans and Celts fought in bitter battles over the concern of the land. Scotland borders some large bodies of water with the Atlantic to the west and NorthSea to the east while being friends with England to the south.. The mainland extends 274 miles (441 km) while the maximum width is 154 miles (248 km). Other then its physical numbers, Scotland is mainly divided into 3 topographic areas: The Mainland Valley (Central Lowlands), the Highlands and the Southern Uplands. These lands are home to some of the most beautiful cities such as Glasgow, the countries largest city, and its commercial and industrial center. They are also home to thick forests, small islands, and multiply lochs and lakes.