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The first music category is the blues. Muddy Waters real name was McKinley Morganfield. He was given the nickname Muddy Waters because he would play in the swampy puddles of the Mississippi River as a child. At the age of 5, he began to play the harmonica. At 17, he received his first guitar and taught himself to play by listening to Mississippi blues artists such at Charley Patton. Waters worked as a sharecropper at a cotton plantation, but somehow found time to entertain the people around town with his music. He later joined the Silas Green Tent Show and began to travel, which is where he caught his fame. Muddy Waters lyrics were sensual and peaked interest in the younger crowds. His single “Rollin’ Stone became so popular that it went to influence the name of the major music magazine as well as one of the most famous rock bands known to date. The next music category is Folk Rock, with Sandy Denny as our subject.  In her early years, she started showing an interest in singing, however her parents were extremely strict and reluctant to believe that she would actually make a living from a singing career. Sandy attended Coombe Girls’ School in New Malden to become a nurse. Her nursing career was short lived, when she got a Foundation course at an Art College, where she became involved in the folk club on campus. The first public appearances is what set off her career. Her first professional recordings were made a few months later in mid 1967 for the Saga Label, featuring traditional songs and covers of folk contemporaries.  A member of the Strawbs had her her singing, and invited her to join the band. She recorded one album with them which was released in 1973 and credited to Sandy Denny and the Strawbs: All Our Own Work. A demo of one of the songs found its way to Judy Collins, an American singer, who chose to cover it as a title to her own track, which is what gave Denny her first international exposure. David Bowie was known as a “Musical Chameleon” for is constantly changing appearance and sound growing up. He showed an interest in music at an early age and also began playing the saxophone at the age of 13. Bowie was influenced by his half brother Terry, who was nine years older than him. Terry is the person who exposed Bowie to the world of rock music and beat literature. David Bowies first hit was the song “Space Oddity” in 1969. The original pop chameleon, Bowie became a sci-fi character for his Ziggy Stardust album. Later, he co-wrote “Fame” with artists Carlos Alomar and John Lennon, which also became his first American Number 1 single in 1975. As an accomplished actor, Bowie starred in the film The Man Who Fell to Earth in 1976. Twenty years later, Bowie was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Soon after releasing his final album, David Bowie died from cancer on January 10, 2016. Although they are best known for lyrically and musically profound psychedelic era albums and singles, the Moody Blues started out as a R&B based combo of the “British Invasion.” They started out in England, where a more successful band at the time was El Riot and the Rebels which was co-founded by Ray Thomas and Mike Pinder. Mike left the band, first for a gig with Jackie Lynton and then a stint in the Army. In 1963, the two reunited with the Krew Cats. They were able to get bookings overseas in Germany where English rock bands were the rage. When they returned to England, the entire musical landscape was occupied by 250 groups, all of them competing for gigs in dozens of clubs. Thomas and Pinder then decided to try and go professional, recruiting members from other groups in Birmingham. They recruited Denny Laine, Graeme Edge, and Clint Warwick. The new and improved group made their debut in 1964, and quickly earned notice from Tony Secunda, who became their manager. A tour was booked, and the band quickly landed an engagement in the Marquee Club, which resulted a contract with England’s Decca Records not even 6 months after their formation. Their first single released in September of 1964, but it never touched the British Charts. Growing up in poverty, James was dismissed from school at the age of 12 for “insufficient clothing.” This is when he turned to working many various odd jobs full time. To escape from the harsh reality that he was living, he turned to religion and music. He sang in his churches choir, where he later developed his powerful and extremely emotive voice. James Brown worked his way up to the top of funk and R music, earning himself the nickname of “The Godfather of Soul.” His vocal and music style were unique and influenced many different artists. James Brown was also known for his chaotic personal life, as well as his social activism, both in his songwriting and advocating the benefits of education to children in school. Songwriter Donna Summer was known as the “Queen of Disco.” As a very young child, Donna loved to sing and sang quite consistently throughout each and every day. Her debut performance came when she was just 10 years old, when a singer was scheduled to perform at her church didn’t show up. The priest of the church invited her to perform instead, expecting entertainment from a small child singing. However, the voice that came out of the small Donna Summer was overwhelmingly powerful and beautiful. At the age of 18, she auditioned for a play in Germany and got the part. After the production, she decided to stay in Germany and ended up recording many albums that scored major European hits but failed to hit the American market. In 1975, Summer co-wrote and recorded a demo version of a disco track called “Love to Love you Baby,” which was intended for another artist. Producers liked her demo version so much that they decided to make it her song instead. The final version was released in the U.S. and was 17 minutes long. This album is what got her fame in the United States. Early on in life Lewis’ musical talents became very apparent. He taught himself how to play the piano and sang in his church growing up. Jerry Lee Lewis began playing the piano at the age of 9, and copied the styles of preachers and black musicians. Later, he signed with Sun Records and became a “Rockabilly Star.” When he was 14 years old, he gave his first public performance. He wowed the crowd that had gathered for the opening of a local car dealership with his piano playing. Lewis gave up on education around the same time as his first public performance to focus on his music. However he did briefly did attend a Bible college in Texas.  In 1958, Lewis married his 13 year old cousin which caused a record boycott but he still continued to perform and eventually made a comeback. With his piano playing style and catchy songs, Jerry emerged as one of rock music’s early showmen in the 1950’s. In 1986 Lewis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Based on how music has changed over the years, becoming more scandalous with not only lyrics but performance styles and dress, I think that music will continue to get more scandalous. A hundred years ago, music was about life in general and had nothing to do with sex and drugs. Now, music is filled to the brim with songs about those things. No matter the genre, most of the songs have very similar topics.