The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the largest and deadliest battles in World War II. It was a turning point in the war. Stalingrad was located in Southwest Russia on the Volga River. The area was an industrial and communication center for the Soviet Union. In June, Hitler and its allies planned the attack to end the Soviet Regime of communism. He planned to invade the Soviet Union in the North and the South of Moscow also wanted to conquer the Soviet land, to annihilate the people living in these lands. The Soviet Union was forced to defend its city when they heard the news. Stalingrad was special because it was named after the Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin. He demanded to hold the city from all causes. In June 1940, Germany invaded the Soviet Union. It was an attack that violated the Molotov Ribbentrop treaty signed between Germany and the Soviet Union. The agreement was a peace treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union that was intended to ensure that neither country attacked the other. Up to one million German soldiers and their allies pushed into the Western Soviet Union on the first day of the German invasion. As a result of their tactical surprise, the German army achieved a series of victories. Despite Soviet resistance, Germany seized Ukraine and the Baltic States. The Red army suffered and had massive losses. Hundreds of thousands of Soviet troops were killed and up to a million and a half taken prisoners. A quarter of a million men surrendered during the German capture of Kiev. The invasion had happened by Stalin who was taken back by Hitler’s betrayal of hate. He refused to believe the reports of a German invasion. The leaders of the Soviets possibly suffered a breakdown in the stages of the war. By the autumn of 1941, it appeared that Germany’s tactics had led to the defeat of the Red Army. However, winter arrived that year and slowed down the German advance to Moscow. Russians spoke of General Winter who would help them to win the war. The Soviet people were well aware that the Russian winters would slow if not halt the German advance, By December 1941, the Germans vanguard was fifty miles from Moscow. However, the weather was really cold and German soldiers were suffering in the harsh conditions. The Soviet’s used the weather to their advantage. The Soviets had huge forces in the East to defend Siberia. He withdrew forces under General Georgy Zhukov. They were then organized into an attacked aimed at repelling the German advance on Moscow. On December 12th, Zhukov’s army launched a surprise attack on the German frontline and pushed them back with heavy losses, one hundred miles from Moscow. The capital had been saved. However, the failed advance that happened that the Germans had a secure hold over much of the western parts of the Soviet Union and had held to the city of Leningrad. Hitler’s General Staff had intended to win the war by Christmas. However, despite defeat near Moscow, there was still an optimism among the German generals. The German general staff eventually was able to stabilize the German front line and go on further attacks during early 1942. Hitler and his generals planned a Spring offensive, that they hoped would lead to Stalin wanting for peace or for a Soviet surrendering. The Germans forward towards the Soviet capital again deciding to launch an attack on the South. The German army led by the sixth army was to advance into the southern Russian Area. Hitler and his army had only a few resources of oil and he believed that if his army could have the oil fields then his army could have advance possibly into the city. However, the objective of the offensive in Southern Russian was to occupy the oil fields in the Caucasus. The oil was essential for the German war machine. Hitler knew this instead of getting all his forces on the conquest of the oil fields, he divided his forces. It has been beliefs in military strategy that it was unnecessary to divide one’s forces in enemy territory. He sent some of the German armies south to take the oil fields in the Caucuses and Baku. Hitler then ordered the 6th Army to advance towards Stalingrad and to take the city. Hitler was obsessed with the idea of capturing Stalingrad and it became his own obsession. This led him to ignore the fights and his general’s advice. His thinking was leading them of the German 6th army to unsuccess. Hitler divided his forces, but he also had too many men and material to capture in Stalingrad. This made the 6th army’s capturing the objective of success very uncertain. Hitler wanted to seize the city, which he was not fully aware of the situation around the city. For example, German forces had struggled to push back Soviet forces during the battles as the operations happened. This left the Germans attacked the frontlines as they were pushed further into the city. Because Hitler divided the German forces, the 6th army wasn’t protected. The trained Romanian and Italian allies guarded the position and many German commanders believed that they could not protect that area from Soviet attack. Hitler’s determination to capture Stalingrad meant that he deployed the 6th army on a mission that objectives placed it at great risk. Hitler’s commanded the 6th Army throughout the siege of Stalingrad. Hitler’s style of leadership was the opposite of Stalin. The Soviet leader had the Soviet High Command as he granted more autonomy to generals like as Zhukov. Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union had learned lessons from the early days of Operation Barbarossa. He let his generals do the fighting and draw the strategies needed to beat the Germans. The Germans launched an air assault on the city, under the command of General Paulus. Much of the town was rubble. The Germans had devoted some of their most excellent forces to the attack of the city, much senior generals had ideas who opposed Hitler’s intention to capture the city. In August, the Germans fought into the city, which was purposely lightly defended to attract the forces. The Soviet commander of the Soviet forces was Vasily Chuikov, who led the Soviets 62nd Army. The Soviets had those of the German’ lines was held by their allies, by the Hungarians and the Romanians. On the night of the 23rd of November, the Red Army attacked and quickly swept passed the Area, and Italian divisions began to encircle the 6th army in Stalingrad, just as it was on the verge of seizing the city. Stalingrad was one of the most important battles in WWII history. It was a defeat for the German army, and they never recovered from the battle. The defeat was avoidable. The reason for the defeat was that Hitler became interested of capturing the city. This led him to ignore his commanders warnings and to make many mistakes. The errors of Hitler allowed the Soviets to take advantage of the situation to encircle and annihilate an entire German 6th army. The responsibility for the defeat was Hitler’s. If Hitler had have allowed the force a way out of Stalingrad, his General could have saved some of his forces and the consequences of Hitler’s mistakes. Hitler’s strategy and poor tactics meant that the 6th army was defeated at Stalingrad.Japanese Internment CampsJapanese Internment Camps during WWII helped affect the development of the Five Modern Canadian values in a bad way. I think that Japanese Internment Camps affected Canada in a bad way because Canada’s five modern values are law and order, respect for cultural differences, freedom, peace, and equality. None of those values were applied to the Japanese at that time. The reason I think that none of those values applied to them is that firstly, any citizen could report any Japanese Canadian to the police because they looked suspicious while doing everyday things, which is the opposite of law and order. Secondly, any police officer could arrest them for no reason. Regarding cultural differences, they were called enemy aliens because they were from another country, even if they hadn’t been to Japan for generations. For freedom, Japanese Canadians were put in internment camps against their wills and were forced to do labor, like they were slaves. For peace, all of the things listed above are examples of things that can start a war if it wasn’t done during the war. Those are the reasons why I think that during WWII Canada took two steps back from the five modern Canadian values by forcing Japanese Canadians in internment camps. BC politicians used the War Measures Act to order the removal of all Japanese Canadians residing within 160 km of the Pacific coast. At the time the government said that they were going to move Japanese Canadian to somewhere else reasons of national security even though the order was denied by Canada’s senior military and RCMP officers, who said that Japanese Canadians didn’t show any threat to Canada. Between 1943 and later, the government had stripped every Japanese owned property and they sold it also deducted from any social assistance received. In 1945, the inmates of the camps were forced to choose between deportation to Japan or uncertain location east of the Rocky Mountains. Most chose the later and were shipped through demobilized camps and air bases to Ontario, Québec or the Prairie provinces. On 1 April 1949, Japanese Canadians had their freedom for the first time. The restrictions used to control their movements were removed afterward.