violations below were compiled based on reports from the MFWA’s monitors,
non-governmental organization and civil society reports, and government human
rights reports on The Gambia
Human rights issues
included extrajudicial killings; enforced disappearances; torture or cruelty,
inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; arbitrary arrests and detention;
and freedom of expression violations, as this set provides information about
impunity for violations across the civil and political rights spectrum.
TREATIES AT PLAY
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Convention for the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance.
on the Rights of the child.
issue of ending witchcraft, where he exorcised and had rituals performed in an
entire village of nearly 1000 people. Torture
was induced as a form of a ritualistic awakening. As if this was not enough
idiosyncrasy, he claimed to have found a cure for HIV/AIDS- bananas and herbs
concoction. Seeking validation much?
jailed and possibly persecuted critics. Anyone who uttered profanity against
him was apprehended and dealt with. Journalists suffered the most. The whereabouts of some of these people is unknown for instance Ambassador to AU,
Sarjo Jallow. This was a similar case in Tunisia also since the media were not
allowed to publish writings before the government could take a look at them and
know if they were really relevant to the public eye and the international
system at large.
aspect of democracy was as good as non-existent. The people had no right to choose what they needed as
countrymen during campaigns. Threats were directed towards the opposition
parties and their supporters “If you want to destabilize this country I will
bury you 9ft deep”,Yahya said to the people.
In 19th MaY
2008 Jammeh also ordered any hotel or motel housing homosexuals to close down,
adding that owners of such facilities would also be in trouble.
He said the Gambia was a
country of believers, indicating that no sinful and immoral act as homosexual
would be tolerated in the country.1
Freedom of expression;
radio stations were closed down and jeopardized the ‘healing’ message of the
people. So sad for the journalism students I bet they wanted to change the
course so bad.
anti-Western anecdotes detached his people from the good of being linked to
was torture in detention, lack of
proper sanitation, food, medical care, prolonged solitary confinement.
Unfulfilled promises for the girl child,
he banned early child marriages and FGM practice. Too bad he was busy
perfecting his acumen in torture skills and oppression than realize this was
still going on even after the ban. Parents needed the money to support their families.
The people with the help of
President Barrow are seeking ways towards re-joining the organizations their
dictator had basically trashed.
In 2013, Yahya pulled out of
Commonwealth, insinuating that the organization was white man oriented and it
was a form of ‘neo-colonialism’. In 2016, he pulled out from the ICC, terming
it as an ‘International Caucasian Court’-this must have been embarrassing for
Fatou Bensouda, also a Gambian and at the top in the ICC. His blatant display
of words cost him his respect thus holding back of the UN, EU and the USA to
intervene. Telling Ban Ki-Moon to “go to hell” would not really soften hearts
to come help the people of such a man.
AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED
ECOWAS and Amnesty International
These two deserve the best of
awards for handling the issue, heeding to the Gambians cry. Absurd increment in
political imbroglio was met by stern ECOWAS mitigation hence Yahyah’s exile in Equatorial Guinea. Before the troops
came in to force Jammeh to stand down, negotiations had been made between him
and ECOWAS head, President Ellen Johnson of Libya. The trigger for this action
was the people’s riots over the death of one Solo Sandeng. Solo was the
opposition leader and activist of UDP who was beaten and tortured to death in
April 14th 2016 on charge of insurrection with his supporters who
were detained too. ECOWAS, with moral support from the UN and US backed the
military action. Also, this was called for considering there were tourists in the
country’s capital in fear of their lives.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) strengthening the Rule of Law and
Human Rights for Sustaining Peace and Fostering Development.
It aims to instill
trust in the new government. To believe in the rule of Law thus experience
peace and security, exercise their rights, lead good lives and protect those of
responsive programs for women and children such as Save the Children
organization partnership with the UNESCO.
ICJ, ICC and other lawful organizations ought to take notes from ECOWAS since it was one of the most
effective regional body that actually
worked towards taking necessary measures even though not as impeccable, but
they did not abandon or dismiss the case and cry of the Gambian people.
strived in ensuring that there is the
protection of human rights ,since thaty were being taken forgranted during
Government of Gambia has been working steadily towards improving the lives of
its citizenry and ensuring that its obligation to the African Commission and
Human Rights Charter and other regional and human rights instruments are
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