Task A – know how to plan the accommodation of animals
Green Basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons)
The green basilisk is best kept in a large wooden vivarium this is because wood is a good insulator of heat and so a wooden vivarium will make it easier to control the temperatures which is required inside the habitat.The wooden vivarium should have a good ventilation to help remove humidity and freshen the air in the enclosure.
The green basilisk vivarium should be at least 1150mm (46″) in length and 36″ in height and this will house one male and two females as these animals are not solitary they can live with each other except you can’t house two males together, as they fight over their territory. There are two main reasons for this. This is because green basilisks are not very small lizards and can easily grow up to 600mm to 900mm in length and secondly this varuiam needs to have a sufficient length to allow for the creation of a temperature gradient. The enclosure needs to be very hot at one end but have enough distance for the temperature to drop at the cool end. With green basilisks we also provide enough height for an animal to get off the ground.
The size of the vivarium gives enough space to allow the basilisks to be able to move and exercise by giving them the opportunity to show their normal behaviour patterns. Using a substrate of jungle bedding, eco earth in the hide and enrichments such as branches, plants, rocks and water to promote their behaviours witnessed in their natural habitat.
This vivarium is set up for long term use as it is large enough to allow the basilisk to breed and do well in captivity where they normally live for about six years provided their minimum requirements have been met in terms of their cage size and its design. If the Basilisks breed you would need to consider the size of the vivarium and whether you need to extend or add another one.
Fixtures, furnishings and bedding as shown in the vivarium plan at the bottom of this page where i have included a hide filled with eco soil, substrate of jungle bedding, food and water bowls,plants such as dracaena or philodendron are added to enhance the enclosure and add to the lizards sense of security. Rocks and branches added to form platforms and areas for the lizards to bask and climb, covers for lamps, temperature probes and basking lamps, UVB lamps, digital thermometers and a hygrometer are also needed. Having all the thermometers and the temperature probes etc enables the keeper too monitor the vivarium closely which will allow the lizards to remain healthy and happy. Using natural eco soil and bedding allows the keeper to keep the area clean and with easy access to the vivarium by having sliding glass doors which allows the keeper to tend the animal quickly and safely.
Lighting and heating for the green basilisk
They come from southern areas and costa rica,they need a temperature of between 28 to 31 celsius through the day and when dropping to a lowest at night will be about 23 celsius. Green basilisk can not manage their body temperature (ectotherms) which is the reason they spend most of their time basking in the warm, but if they have too much heat it will prove harmful. In the enclosure they will need one side to be a hot end and the other side to be the cold end this is because we need to match their natural habitat, using the lighting and heating bulbs you can replicate night and day. Through the night cycle the heat is provided by a ceramic bulb at the hot end of the vivarium, when you choose one you will need to make sure you can adjust the heat output. You will need to keep continuous and sharp eye on the temperature this will make sure your baskilsk will survive.
The bulb will get hot but the ceramic heater will guard will ensure your bialik will not get burnt, the bulb should be placed in a ceramic lamp holder. The day cycle is a bit different when it comes to the cage temperature it has to be at the minimum of 80’f. When you got two or three spot light bulbs this will provide enough sunlight in addition to heat the enclosure by an additional 20’f. As well as spot bulbs the lizards will need about 10% UVB lighting this is important for the basilisk health. Green basilisk need to have UVB lighting to process vitamin D , if they don’t get it they will not be able to make calcium and this can lead to osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease, it can lead from one thing to another, so you will need to make sure you get it right and metabolic disease can cause basilisks to die. When you have both sets of bulbs the UVB and the spotlights they will need to be turned on and off together this will simulate the sunlight. The right placement of the bulbs will help the animal to bask 6 to 12 inches from the light it self but you will have to change the tube after 6 months.
Green basilisk like to eat all kinds of different food like crickets, grasshopper,locusts,mealworms, king mealworms, earthworms, mice,fruit and vegetables. They also need a large bowl of freshwater daily it needs to be at least ½ for them to soak there bodies in it, otherwise a water feature could be installed. When in captivity green basilisks need to have extra supplements of minerals and vitamins to keep them healthy and well.