Maslow’s cramming and forgetting rather than lifelong learning.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs was taught at school but I did
not link it to learning and education up until recently and therein lies the
answer to my own personal learning. I never learnt to apply studied concepts
and theory to practice. Most students from my generation with similar educational
back grounds echo this sentiment. It was and
continues to be the biggest drawback of the Indian educational ‘one size
fits all’ system. Standardized testing
determined everything, and the aptitude of a student was not recognized outside
of this format. Rote learning unlike retrieval based learning (an
effective but underused practice) is memorization which encouraged cramming and
forgetting rather than lifelong learning.

Based on my own struggles as a student, I
feel experiential learning methodologies should replace the learning without understanding system. As President Jim Yong Kim (World Bank Group) says about this
‘schooling without learning’ form of education, “This learning crisis is a
moral and economic crisis. When delivered well, education promises young people
employment, better earnings, good health, and a life without poverty. Schooling
without learning is not just a wasted development opportunity, but also a great
injustice to children worldwide.”

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Students must be encouraged to participate actively, air
their views understand concepts, know their relevance and application in the
real world, and have the confidence to question them if need be. How, where and
when they will/can use the curriculum being taught should be an integral part
of their learning. Supporting active exploration, creativity and learning should
be the goal rather than passivity of lecture attendance and textbook reading.

The widely accepted assessment format, which is
dependent solely upon the answering of questions in a stringently controlled
examination format should be amended to accommodate all types of learners.