Many young children in America are imperiled by abuse, neglect, domestic and community violence, and poverty. Without effective intervention and help, these children suffer, struggle, and fall into despair and hopelessness. Some young teens cannot manage the emotional, social, and psychological challenges of adolescence and eventually engage in a destructive and violent behavior. Those who commit murder and have been sentenced to life in prison without parole is wrong. During the adolescent part of our lives, society does not allow us to purchase cigarettes, alcohol, join the military or be able to get an apartment until the age of 18 or older, knowing that minors are not mature enough to make those certain decisions. However, over the years, adolescents as young as 13 have been condemned to life in prison without the possibility of parole. In Article 37 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child expresses that youngsters must not be subjected to torment, cruel or corrupting treatment or disciplines, including the death penalty or life detainment without the likelihood of discharge (Committee on the Rights of the Child’s 2006 General Comment). Nonetheless, The United States is one of the few countries in the world that allows for sentencing juvenile offenders to life without parole. Juveniles should not be sentenced to life without the possibility of parole based on their underdevelopment of the brain, the history of child abuse and also having rehabilitation resources.
To begin with, it is clear that the brains of the adolescent are biologically and developmentally different from the brains of adults. Although, adolescents are aware of the risk there are being taken and understand the good from bad. There are those that do not commit violent crime in spite of brain development. The excuse of brain development should not be used to define taking one’s life. However, two million youths are sent to spend the rest of their life locked up. Of the two million youths who encounter the juvenile justice system each year, about one fifth (20–25%) had a serious emotional problem and 65–70% were thought to have an undiagnosed mental health issue (Zajac, Sheidow, & Davis, 2015). Therefore, categorizing adult and adolescent in similar behavior is unreasonable. In particular, the areas that govern reasoning and complex behavior are significantly different from adolescents and adults. For instance, adolescents have a tendency to depend more on these instinctual structures, similar to the amygdala, and less on the further developed regions, similar to the frontal projections, which are related to more objective situated and sane reasoning. They likewise have a tendency to misread meaningful gestures. For example, the feelings related to outward appearances. Though juveniles should not commit a harsh crime. The information is important and supportive as we endeavor to comprehend the effect of biology and mental health on juvenile conduct.
Moreover, abuse damages children, both physically and emotionally. The longer abuse of a child continues, the more serious the consequences. Although, there are many children who have been abused and do not commit violent crimes. This excuse is just used to get away with murder. However, the underlying impacts of physical maltreatment are agonizing and sincerely awful for the kid. The long haul results of physical maltreatment affect on the youngster in their grown-up life, on their family, and on the community. Factors that contribute to abuse is behavioral problems such as aggression by the child towards others or self-destructive behavior, hyperactivity, truancy, inability to form friendships with peers and poor social skills, poorer cognitive and language skills than non-abused children. Studies have found that abused youth are referred to the juvenile justice system more often than their non-abused and non-neglected counterparts and are also significantly younger at the time of initial referral (Lemmon, 1999). However, not all children who are abused go on to engage in juvenile delinquency, but abused children compared with nonabused children may have more difficulty with academic performance, self-control, self-image, and social relationships. Doubtlessly, all youth will have positive and negative influences in their lives, yet the equality of prosocial and antisocial influences within a youth’s life will determine his or her preponderance for engaging in either positive or negative behaviors.
Lastly, adolescents are more likely to mature and change over time, enhancing the possibility to go through rehabilitation. Unfortunately, adolescents, like adults, commit horrible crimes and make terrible mistakes. And, like adults, they should be held accountable. Also when taking one’s life yours should be sacrificed . However, with little help and an absence of restoration assets accessible in adult facilities, young offenders prosecuted as an adult are often put with harsh punishment such as defensive and disciplinary estimates like isolation. By this I mean, youthful brains are still yet growing, especially in districts related with higher-arrange capacities including drive control, preparing, and chance avoidance. In light of the fact that their brains are yet developed , an adolescent’s character and identity are not yet full-fledged. They are more vulnerable to negative internal and external influences, including peer pressure. Unlike adults, they can’t control or escape dysfunctional homes and dangerous neighborhoods, two major contributing factors to youth crime.
Indeed, The United States is the only nation on the planet that grants youth to be condemned to exist without the chance for further appeal. Sentencing children to life are condemned by international law. It’s been a long standing legal tradition and our longstanding common sense that affirms in myriad ways and on a daily basis that kids are different from adults. We have to judge them accordingly, because children are still children, even when they do unimaginably horrible things. Reason being, their brains are underdeveloped. At times, coming from an abusive family, they are more likely to benefit from rehab than adults would. Therefore, juveniles should not get sentenced to life without parole. It’s cruel and unusual punishment.