In nothing happens.” (30). Again he says:

In “Waiting for Godot,” Beckett uses metaphors, absurdity, and parallels in order to portray this world view of pessimism and disorder. He shows that this view is the only real and accurate world view.
The first and most important part to understanding Beckett’s portrayal is seeing how he used the play as a metaphor for humanity and the human world. We are first introduced to this idea towards the beginning of Pozzo’s entrance:
Estragon: “We are not from these parts, sir”
Pozzo: “You are human beings none the less…Of the same species as myself…Made in God’s image! (15)
This demonstrates the first allusion that Beckett makes to the origins of mankind. It is again brought up when Pozzo asks Estragon his name and Estragon replies with “Adam.” (28). The audience is made to believe that these few characters are simply metaphors for humanity. Vladimir reinforces this in one of his longer speeches: “But at this place, at this moment of time, all mankind is us, whether we like it or not.” (70). This puts the final emphasis and truly shows Beckett’s intention of using this novel as a platform to make his commentary of pessimism and disorder on a more general scale of all of humanity.
Now that it is clear that the play is simply one large metaphor, the actually commentary can be analyzed. The pessimistic view point is first demonstrated with the motif of incessant boredom. Vladimir and Estragon are constantly bored. Estragon exclaims: “In the meantime, nothing happens.” (30). Again he says: “Nothing happens, nobody comes, nobody goes, it’s awful!” (32). Vladimir also complains about being bored: “This is becoming really insignificant.” (59). In addition, he also later says, “I begin to weary of this motif.” This points an incredibly dark and pessimistic picture of human kind. The characters who are already characterized as rather poor and uneducated can even understand how incredibly boring their lives are. Vladimir even notices that Pozzo and Lucky “passed the time.” (38). He says that the first time on page 38 after Pozzo and Lucky depart but also again on page 80, the second time they depart. These characters are incredibly bored and will even find fun in slavery to overcome that boredom. This shows another layer in Beckett’s commentary that not only is terribly pessimistic that life is filled with boredom but also that humanity will literally resort to most anything, no matter how dire, to overcome it.
Another method Beckett uses to convey his message of particularly disorder in the world is by paralleling the uncertainty in the story with uncertainty felt by the audience actually viewing the play. There is no better place in the play to demonstrate uncertainty that the beginning where both Vladimir and Estragon begin to question two things: where and when to meet Godot. Beckett’s choice of setting and set design helps convey the uncertainty of location: “A country road. A tree. Evening.” (1). This is where the characters begin to question the location of the meeting:
Vladimir: We are waiting for Godot
Estragon: You sure it was here? …
Vladimir: He said  by the tree. …
Estragon: What is the tree?
Vladimir: I don’t know. A willow. …
Vladimir: A shrub.
Estragon: A bush. (6)
This entire interaction does an amazingly good job of portraying this uncertainty. They are first unsure of the location itself then of the tree. One line in particular that adds to this confusion is when Vladimir says “a willow” directly after he claims that he does not know. This paradoxical statement is simply used to further show how confused and really unknowing Vladimir and Estragon really are—painting the illusion of disorder. The second question comes to present itself very well shortly after this first uncertainty: when?
Estragon: You sure it was this evening? …
Vladimir: He said Saturday—I think. …
Estragon: But what Saturday? And is it Saturday? Is it not rather Sunday? Or Monday? Or Friday? (7)
Not only do these two characters not know when to meet Godot, they also are unaware of the actual day that it is.This all demonstrates how much disorder is present in the world, while also showing the pessimistic side by demonstrating the complete idiocy of mankind.
The parallel between the actual characters’ uncertainty and the audience’s uncertainty is shown to truly relate the idea of this disorder to the real world. First, staging is used as the bare tree develops into having “four or five leaves.” This creates uncertainty among the time that has passed in the audience. The boy also calls Vladimir “Mister Albert…?” (39) many times leading to the question: does the boy just not know Vladimir’s name or is Godot actually looking for an Albert and not Vladimir and Estragon at all? The audience is drawn in to this uncertainty. We are prevented from ever actually consolidating a comprehensive understanding of the play because it is absurdist and the disorder is rampant. These parallels are essential to showing the interconnectedness of the two different worlds of fiction (the play) and reality.
Finally, one last aspect of the play that Beckett uses to show how there is a never-ending doom for humanity is the fact that the characters have all been there before. Vladimir exclaims “How they’ve changed!” (39) with regards to Pozzo and Lucky, showing that Estragon and Vladimir have seen them before. Estragon also says “Yes, now I remember, yesterday evening we spent blathering about nothing in particular. That’s been going on now for half a century.” (56). The reference to half a century shows the complete circular pattern that both of these characters have been undergoing from the dawn of time. This all concludes Beckett’s commentary demonstrating how the world and humankind are doomed to eternal and everlasting disorder and pessimism without any hope for true rebirth or a new world perspective.