I have chosen the topic of cognitive

I have chosen the topic of cognitive psychology because I
find the topic of memory and working memory very interesting. I feel like
working memory and training for such memory takes part in everyday life. Trying
to improve and train our working long term memory is a challenge a lot of
students deal such as me with considering the information they and I have to
take in, in order to help with exams or general study and looking for increase
knowledge in their subject. Training working memory is important to think about
because if memory capacity is fixed, it is important to know how much can be
stored to help youths and developing individuals focus on learning the
important information that will help them in later life. This topic has a lot
of branches it can go into such as ‘if it isn’t fixed, how can we train it?’ or
if it is limited to some, why is that? And could you unlearn some information
to make room for information you’d rather remember. However the 3
topics/articles I look to look into more detail of are; ‘is working memory
capacity fixed?’ which is pretty self explanatory, it looks into if we can
teach our brains to learn more information if possible and we can do so.
‘Working memory training remains a work in progress’ which looks into if
working memory training will become a reliable method of cognitive remediation
and the arguments around this in academia. And thirdly the last article I’m
looking into for this topic is ‘Cognitive training: Strategies and the
multi-component cognitive system’ which looks into the evidence for benefits of
working memory training not working and the research on working memory training
and how it fails to acknowledge a substantial body of previous research which
is relevant to the topic. Cognitive psychology is such a large topic which
covers multiple fields of work and real world issues. Cognitive psychology is
by far one of the most interesting branches to take within psychology in my
opinion because in theory it links into all fields of psychology, reason being
that if it wasn’t for our capability to train our memory and learn things we
are wanting to learn and to then repeat this process in order to learn and be
able to recall information on said topic it would make schooling and teaching
pretty redundant. These 3 articles are going to explain in their own way how
useful is memory training.

 ‘Is working memory
capacity fixed?’ is the question my first article aims to find the answer to. If
it is fixed once and for all or if It can be improved throughout training and
in doing so does that increase memory capacity translate to a better attention
in their everyday life. A working memory capacity can be defined as either
complex or no simple span tasks. ‘Although the difference between simple and
complex tasks is clear for the verbal domain, it does not seem to hold in the
visuo-spatial domain. Complex visuo-spatial working memory tasks and spatial
span tasks correlate equally high with problem solving tasks and reasoning
tasks’ (Suss, 2002). This article shows
that working memory training improves performance on both non trailed spatial
span tasks and ‘complex’ spatial tasks. To show this, it talks about 2 studies
in which children were involved where they had to try to improve on a compound
measure of complex tasks. During these studies the children showed a great increase
over 6 months of training. Both of the simple visuo-spatial and complex working
memory tasks showed great improvements and in which answered the question of
the article. Based on results from the studies, working memory capacity isn’t
capped and can be improved and improved upon with proper training and constant
trial for improvement as shown through results of the children. ‘The results
showing that working memory capacity can be changed are of great theoretical
importance.. It is obvious that an improved ability to remember and add
numbers, or remember and execute instructions is useful in school and in
everyday life’ (Klingberg, 2012). To conclude this
article and its research it states that there is clearly some solid evidence
that cog med working memory training improves working memory capacity and also
increase attention to important information in everyday life. The research from
this article alone helps answer my end question: ‘how useful is working memory
training?’, this shows that working memory training is very helpful as it
clearly can improve a person’s working memory capacity, although this type of
research and studies are still young in their field, when it comes to memory
training no experiment truly explains if the experiment increased their memory recall
and increased memory capacity. It could be things such as general child brain
development or could be dependent on the child in this case; some may have
shown more progress than others and for different reasons and variables. However
this study does help to seek what training regiments are more effective for
different individuals and their end goals.

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‘Working memory training remains a work in progress’, this
article explains that working memory training is currently a ‘work in progress’
however is progressing as it should throughout the years. Ways of measuring and
improving our working memory are developing greatly and experimental methods of
doing so are getting better. And believes that one day based on the complexity
of these training techniques it will ‘become a reliable method of cognitive
remediation’ (Zach Shipstead, 2012).


Klingberg, T. (2012). Is
working memory capacity fixed? Journal of applied research in memory and
cognition , 194-196.
Suss, H. M. (2002). Working-memory capacity explains
reasoning ability . Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
, 261-288.
Zach Shipstead, K. L. (2012). Working memory training
remains a work in progress. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and
Cognition , 217-219.