Embryonic stem cells could change the world of human beings

Embryonic stem cells could change the world of human beings. Embryonic stem cells are a type of cell that is taken from the embryo in a woman’s body. It all starts when a sperm cell and an egg cell meet to create a blastocyst which has an embryo. The embryo is capable of differentiation, which is the process of a cell becoming specialized. An embryo is able to grow and create an organism with tissues, organs and more, this cell is called totipotent. People in the field of science medicine and research use the pluripotent embryonic stem cell because it doesn’t grow and become an organism like the totipotent but becomes a specific cell type. They can become any cell, they are told to become. Pluripotent are easily managed and easy to keep in the lab. Embryonic stem cells can produce/ divide very quick. These cells are usually collected by scientists and kept safe inside lab plates to be used to learn more information about cells, how they can help human beings and many more.
Now, you might be thinking “Wow! These cells are brilliant. They can become any cell.” but not everyone agrees with the taking of embryonic stem cells. Some people believe that by taking these cells, you’re basically killing an unborn baby but others feel like this is not really yet a baby unless it has been inside the uterus wall or womb. People might go on and argue over which is better, but at the end of the day, one life is lost and the other is saved.
I think embryo cells are awesome and they should be used because they can replace nerve cells that are damaged. Nerve cells are hardly replaceable. The nerve system is made up of cells called neurons. This system contain the brain, spinal cord and nerves. When the nerve system is damaged that means the person could not be able to walk or your five senses may not function (hear, taste, see, smell and feel) which means your brain won’t be working and you will die. An article was released on 11 January 2018 where UCLA scientists made sensory nerves from human pluripotent stem cells. Sensory nerves are the cells in your spinal cord that get information from the outside of your body and sends them to the brain, which enables you to feel, smell and more. Without these sensory nerves, it means you can cut yourself or burn because you not feeling any pain. Dr. Samantha and her team found a solution to this by taking pluripotent stem cells and combining them with BMP4 (a protein) and a chemical called retinoic acid. This allowed the cells to differentiate and create two types of sensory cells: DI1 cells which allow a person to sense their body’s position and movement and DI3 cell which allows a person to sense pressure. This is such a wonderful discovery because these cells can be transplanted to a person who was not able to sense pressure or their bodies position and movement, and now they will be able to do all these things. More research is being done on the capability of embryonic stem cells. I believe these stem cells are the future of humankind.