During in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, government officials gathered to

During the Constitutional Convention of 1787 held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, government officials gathered to create what would be the first draft of the United Constitution. A conflict erupted, debating whether or not to include the slave population in the counting of census or government representation. The compromise was then created and brought into conversation, and then into the constitution. Overall, the Three-Fifths Compromise perfectly fits the National History Day 2017 topic of “conflict and compromise” because of its place and the cause and effect relationship it has in history.
On August 12, 1787, representatives of the United States came across an issue while writing the first draft of the United States Constitution. The issue was debating whether or not to include the slave population when counting taxes, choosing representatives, and apportioning Presidential electors. The southern states thought that slaves should be counted in government so they could get more representation. However, southern states did not want the slave population to count towards taxes, this way giving them an advantage over northern states, because of the predominant number of slaves in the southern region. This plan would eventually fall out of place because the north’s population began to grow rapidly. On the contrary, northerners thought quite differently. They wanted slaves to count for taxes because there weren’t many slaves in the northern region. However, they did not want slaves to count for census and population because by doing it so it would allow southern states to have more representation in government. This had become a conflict because the southern states had a wider slave population than the northern states. As one could see, this is an archetypical example of the first portion of the National History Day topic: conflict.
While the debate over slave credit continued, northerner Roger Sherman and southerner James Wilson began to think of ideas for compromise between the two argued points of view. They had both been delegates for the Constitutional Convention. They came up with a compromise stating that only three out of five slaves would be counted towards taxes, government representatives and presidential electors. The compromise was a combination of the New Jersey plan and Virginia plan. In more recent times, historians have concluded that there had been previous use of the compromise five years prior to the Constitutional Convention. It was originally used in the Continental Congress meeting in 1783, which was a meeting held to organize colonial resistance to the Parliament’s Coercive Acts. After mentioning the compromise, it was put into the constitution and finalized. The United States was to abide by this law until it was put out of order in 1865, after the Thirteenth Amendment was put into place, freeing all slaves. Although it was taken out of the constitution, it did have quite the impact on events at that time. One event that can be clearly related to the compromise would be the Presidential Election of 1800. If the compromise was never put in place, John Adams would have been president instead of Thomas Jefferson. Not to mention the fact that this compromise could have been one of the causes of the Civil War. In around 1868, the Three-Fifths compromise was taken out of the constitution and put out of use due to the thirteenth amendment, which had freed all slaves in the United States.
All things considered, the Three-Fifths Compromise was created in spite of arguments debating whether or not to include slave count in counting census, tax, and polls for presidential electors. Roger Sherman and James Wilson delivered and presented the idea to the conventionists and administrators, and then registered it into the constitution. It was taken out circa 1868 due to newer laws passed, freeing slaves and providing them freedom. I the long run, the Three-Fifths compromise greatly influenced the modern America and its past by impacting government events and contributing to disputes and war.