During the civil war, the country was fighting nonstop. Approximately 620,000 lives were lost because of it, and for some, a way of life instead. The country was divided in two, and many people’s lives were changed. There were several changes, such as poverty becoming an issue along with the bitterness being left between the people, slavery ending, and also there being a new state from Virginia separating. Slavery ending was a big change after the civil war. Abraham Lincoln declared all slaves in the South, and everywhere else in U.S. territory, free. This declaration was known as the Emancipation Proclamation. In the Emancipation Proclamation, it states, ” A new birth of freedom,”. Therefore showing that when all are free, including African Americans, then everyone will truly be free. Although the Emancipation Proclamation declared all slaves free, only 3.1 million out of 4 million went free. After this came the 13th amendment, which was a constitutional way of getting rid or outlawing slavery for good. In the 13th amendment, it says, ” Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction,”. After this, many more amendments came for African American rights. Poverty had a large effect after the civil war. This left the South bitter to the North because of the poverty that the South believed the North caused this due to their land being demolished. In the South, farming and food was not supposed to be an issue. Although, this did not actually happen because the families of the soldiers were so worried and under stress. This supposedly led to a ‘bread riot’. In Poverty and Poor Relief during the Civil War, the author states, ” Southern farms and black slaves were expected to produce ample quantities of food while white men fought to secure independence. The reality, however, was quite different. The suffering of soldiers’ families and the lower classes in cities resulted in a bread riot in the Confederate capital at Richmond,”. The bread riot was where people ransacked and robbed stores. Therefore, in the South, the economy was struggling due to the lack of food and agriculture development and substance. Also in Lynchburg, prices soared from $40 to $275 for barrels of flour. In the text, the author states, ” By the autumn of 1863 flour in Lynchburg was selling for $30 or $40 per barrel, but by December the price had more than doubled, and by the following spring it had soared to $275 per barrel,”. This shows that the economy struggled with supply and demand ratios, and that there was a large hit in the money and supply industry. A third effect was the separation of West Virginia from Virginia. This in a way made the federal government stronger, because they were able to have another state as part of the Union after it separated from Virginia. The reason for the separation was that most of Virginia wanted to join the Confederacy and leave the Union. Although, in 1863, West Virginia was made for the people who wanted to be a part of the Union. In The American Civil War in Virginia, the author states, ” Most, but not all, Virginians supported the Confederacy. In 1863, Unionists in the western part of the state established West Virginia,”. Also, the people in West Virginia experienced a shortage of food.. This made people have to leave their homes. Otherwise, sometimes the Confederacy would go onto private property and seize it, or take control of it. Unfortunately, by 1865, lots of West Virginia was devastated due to damage from the war. The text evidence that supports this is, ” On the home front, both white and African American families suffered food shortages or were forced to flee their homes. The Confederate government instituted a draft, or conscription law, and in some cases impressed, or confiscated, private property. By the time Lee surrendered in 1865, much of the state had been ravaged by war,”. In conclusion, the war had several effects. There were states seceding and separating. There was also widespread poverty throughout the South and even the North. Not to mention, after hundreds of years, slavery was coming to an end, due to the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment. Furthermore, while we were divided, we all ended up coming back together even if it was far after the war. Although this was a painful war with lots of suffering, it has made us all evolve to what we are today.