Dietary diversity in the country is considered to be quite poor. Although not nationally representative, results from a 2009 study on Nutrition and Food Security conducted jointly by the Ministry of health, UNICEF and WFP and covering 9 districts in the country, found that 64 percent of the surveyed households were estimated to have less than optimal dietary diversity. While approximately 75 percent of households consumed vegetables at least 5 days in the previous week, only about half consumed food rich in animal – sources protein, less than a quarter consumed food rich in plant-based protein ( nits/pulses), and less than a third of households consumed fruit five days in the week ( MRI,UNICEF and WFP,2008).
Sri Lanka has seen a remarkable reduction in child mortality over the years as well as in maternal mortality due to proper utilization of food. There is a, however, some disparity between districts due to availability and access to health services, but rates are still very low. Sri Lankan’s approach to food and nutrition security is bearing on the availability, access, and utilization. Past investment in irrigation and rice technology, together with open-economics policies, have been the pillars of national food availability. However, physical limits on the expansion of land and water resources were rapidly being reached.