Describe the multiple settings of the novel.Of the several settings described by the book the most important ones are; Sallisaw,Oklahoma (The Joads’ Hometown); Route 66, Bakersfield, California; Hooverville, as well as Weedpatch. The novel starts off after a long period of drought in Sallisaw, Oklahoma. Clouds hover over the dark and gray land without bringing a single drop of rain, as if they were teasing the farmers down below. When Tom Joad returns to his family’s farm he finds it is abandoned and horribly vandalized. The rest of the town is also filled with vacant and vandalized houses. On the road to California the family mainly travel along Highway 66. This route extends from Missouri to Bakersfield, and was known as “the mother road, the road of flight” (Steinbeck 12). The road extends from the gray lands of Oklahoma, twisting and turning through the mountains, down the terribly dry desert, and finally ends in the valley of Bakersfield, California. Hooverville has an abundance of starving people living in dirty makeshift cardboard and metal houses as well as tents. Families are struggling to survive, stealing scraps from each other, escalating the already desperate environment in this camp. In contrast, Weedpatch is described as a well funded government camp with washrooms, council committees that have put in place a strict set of rules, and even evening dances. The members of the community are also described as very polite and welcoming.2) What are the main turning points and climax of the story?The first main turning point is when the Joads become desperate on the road and decide to settle down at a work camp known as Hooverville. In this new makeshift town the Joad family think they might finally get some work, food and rest. However, Tom later gets into an argument with the deputy sheriff, when the workers gather and start organizing into a union. The dispute becomes violent, and Jim Casy defends Tom, and knocks the sheriff out cold with a shovel. Police officers arrive after the encounter and announce soon after their intention to burn down the housing units in Hooverville.The second main turning point occurs when the Joad family again finds a spot to settle, this time in a self-governed community camp known as Weedpatch. Tom learns from one of the members of the community that the police are being payed off to start a riot in the camp. The large corporations who own the police force hope this will allow them to shut down these types of facilities. After learning of this betrayal, Tom alerts the men in the camp, in order to suppress the possible danger. After the event is avoided, the Joad family members realise they cannot survive without steady work, so they decide to move on.The climax happens when the preacher Jim Casy leads a protest against the landowners for bringing wages down at the peach farm, in Bakersfield. Tom and Casy get caught by policemen trying to steal food, but they recognise them as the workers’ leaders and start to call them both communists. Jim Casy tells the police officers that the men protesting and stealing are only trying to help feed starving children and women. One of the officers approaches closer to Casy and bashes in his head with a pick axe. After witnessing such a gruesome act Tom boils into a violent rage and crushes Casy’s murderer own skull with the previously used weapon. After both murders he escapes the other policemen making it back safely to his family.3) What is the author’s preferred writing style? Discuss narration and use of dialogue, as well as literal and figurative language. Give examples.The writing style in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath is quite unique to other popular novels. His narration is profoundly descriptive, after any setting or action description nothing is lacking or seems vague. Everything is clearly and thoroughly explained, even the most unnecessary things such as; a walkthrough of a routine auto repairs during the Joad’s travels to California, or even a description of wind patterns and dust movement, A gentle wind followed the rain clouds, driving them on northward, a wind that softly clashed the drying corn. A day went by and the wind increased, steady, unbroken by gusts. The dust from the roads fluffed up and spread out and fell on the weeds beside the fields, and fell into the fields a little way. Now the wind grew strong and hard and it worked at the rain crust in the corn fields. Little by little the sky was darkened by the mixing dust, and the wind felt over the earth, loosened the dust, andcarried it away. The wind grew stronger. (Steinbeck 2) In contrast, the use of dialogue is straight to the point as the characters are poorly educated, with limited vocabulary. For example; ” ‘Feelin’ better now?’ Ma asked ‘Smell a cookin’ gets me. I’m hungry, too’ ” (Steinbeck 264). The sound and rhythms of the Oklahoma speech patterns gives the story tremendous authenticity. However, this type of dialogue is unpleasant as it differs greatly from the author’s advanced vocabulary when narrating and describing. John Steinbeck’s use of figurative language, consist mostly of metaphors and similes. He often uses similes to describe people or objects, and in this instance, the movement of tractors, “The tractors came over the roads and into the fields, great crawlers moving like insects” (Steinbeck 34). John’s use of literal language, more often than not, is used to narrate the characters actions rather than be straightforward with the reader. He lets the character’s actions and conversations let the reader know of the true meaning or moral to be taken away.4) What change or transformation does the protagonist undergo in the novel?Tom Joad, the protagonist of Grapes of Wrath shows great development throughout his journey. Before the story unfolds information about his past is unveiled, we find out Tom went to jail for manslaughter in a bar fight. He was selfish, drunk, and lost control of himself. Later, when Tom gets out of jail at the beginning of the story his first instinct was to get back his family, to redeem himself. Through his experiences travelling across the country helping starving families as well as his own, and through the teachings of his best friend the preacher Jim Casy, he learns the value of community. His mentality undergoes change from caring only for himself to a familial loyalty to seeing the community of migrants as his own family. 5) Identify and explain two major themes in the novel. Provide examples from the novel to support your views.Greed: Throughout the novel the theme of greed, is present through industrialisation as well as in corporations. The book’s own title, The Grapes of Wrath, signifies the building hatred of the common folks against the large corporations. Steinbeck’s interpretation of this phrase comes from several different works, the earliest coming directly from the Bible, “So the angel swung his sickle to the earth and gathered the clusters from the vine of the earth, and threw them into the great winepress of the wrath of God” (The Holy Bible, 14:19-20). This passage reveals what God does to those who betray him, they get to see his wrathful side. Just as the oppressed people are slowly growing their hatred, to eventually unleash their wrath towards the corporations controlling them. For example, early in the novel Tom realizes something, “The bank is something more than men, I tell you. It’s the monster. Men made it, but they can’t control it” (Steinbeck 37). The “monster” or the bank, has power over the people, and those who control it have clouded judgement, thus forget their impact on the common man, as well as their hatred.Hope: As the Joads travel across the country, they remain unsure of what they will experience when they arrive in California. Each of the Joads deals with uncertainty in differents ways; however, regardless of whether they discuss the future or remain silent about it, there is an element of hope within all of the members of the family. They believe that they are starting out on a journey towards a new and better life. For instance; as the family is packing to go to California, they negotiate about what they should bring. When one of them says (not specified), “Wouldn’t go out naked of a rifle. When shoes and clothes and food, when even hope is gone, we’ll have the rifle” (Steinbeck 70). Even though this statement suggests that a rifle is more important than hope, it is only with a rifle that they can find food and keep themselves safe.