Christopher and social issues, was indeed, social

      Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus which is The Tragical History of the Life and Death
of Doctor Faustus originally, is a daring work of literature written in
Elizabethan age with its roots of German folkloric tale. The play is well known
because of its magical, anti-Catholic and rebellious elements. It was a huge
success for Marlowe because his writing was  daring that requires valor and fearlessness in
his time. Hopefully, it was end of the Medieval era which gave its place to
Elizabethan Renaissance. New ideas were blossoming and dark side of the
Medieval was fading away with the light of Renaissance. Moreover, Renaissance
had a great impact on Marlowe’s writing and he mirrored Elizabethan and
Renaissance based ideologies and beliefs through Dr. Faustus.

     Marlowe was successful to reveal his time
through his writings and he was brave enough to have a firm stand against
society. Elizabethan times introduced new ways to England in terms of politics,
religion and culture..” Doctor Faustus explores religious and human dilemmas .
characterising the Elizabethan mind. Marlowe begins Faustus’ story in a duality
of Renaissance ambitions and religious values.”(43).  As a Protestant writer, he satires and
criticizes Catholicism and Pope. Faustus’s visit to Pope and his sarcastic and
cynical behaviours towards Pope and Cardinal mirrors  Marlowe’s and other Protestant English people’s
movement of thoughts. Besides religious clashes and changes, the most
significant element of change which comprises economic and social issues, was
indeed, social rank. In Elizabethan times, social mobility was a popular matter
and possibility. However, this upgraded social rank had always a price. Marlowe
examined the issue of social mobility and its price in his play. Dr. Faustus
was an educated doctor with vast knowledge. He knew everything about
law,medicine,philosophy,astrology etc… but these were not enough for him.
Faustus’s desire to know the secrets of the universe to be all knowing and
powerful in order to be rich and to rule the world with the help of Lucifer was
a dead end. Faustus’s desires indicates Elizabethan people’s desires to be
wealthier and powerful.  Marlowe reveals
in Dr. Faustus that such greediness is self defeating for everyone in
Elizabethan age.

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     As a man of the Renaissance, Marlowe
rebelled against the existing norms. His rebellion against religion and normal
orders are reflected through his art. “Marlowe brings in the Renaissance
attitude into the Elizabethan world dominated by the medieval values”(41).
As
the name Renaissance suggests rebirth and rediscovery, Marlowe celebrated pleasures
of life and exploring, learning the unknown things and created, Dr.Faustus.
Renaissance was time for searching power and lust for finding one’s supreme
identity. This search lead Renaissance people to be individual and to celebrate
their inner selves. As well as individuality, being a supreme soul in
Renaissance required material possessions rather than spiritual devotion. To be
powerful and to be surrounded by sacred knowledge was possible with earthly
materials. People went out of the frame of religious pressures and they began
to question the universe, which is the true essence of Renaissance. Questioning
the whole universe and the ultimate beginning, suborned people to turn to their
inner selves and to look beyond religional restrictions. Moreover, rediscovery
part of Renaissance aggrandized old existings and mythologies. They thought
that the glorious time for people was old times that people were in love with
nature and arts. To be a true individual required artistic way of life that
dances with nature’s spirit. Moreover, Renaissance was time for technology and
advancements. Travelling between different lands was very special because
seeing and learning from other cultures, brought sophistication to Renaissance people.
Developments in technology increased reading and writing which opened the gates
for wiser populations. Consequently, changes in aesthetics brought new beauty
standards to Renaissance which hailed classical standards of beauty. As well as
criticizing Medieval norms, Marlowe  blessed Renaissance with his pen. As a
Renaissance man, Marlowe compiled all of these Renaissance features in
Dr.Faustus.

     Dr.Faustus learned black magic and sold
his soul to devil in order to be greater and supreme. As a wise man, his urge
to endeavour everything refers to Renaissance people’s desire to know much
more. Moreover, his denial of God reveals Renaissance people’s doubts about God
which lead spiritualism to lose its importance and giving his soul to Lucifer
reflects Renaissance people’s desire for earthly pleasures and to know the
things beyond boundaries. In addition, Dr. Faustus’s change in terms of
morality was the fact for Renaissance. Social,economic and much more values,norms
and cultures were changing and new identities emerged. Faustus’s duality refers
to change from Medieval to Renaissance values. However,” Faustus falls as he is
simply carried away by the Renaissance aspirations instead of understanding
tlie spirit of these aspirations that looked forward to the man excellence and
splendour.”(45). Moreover, the fact that Renaissance hailed ancient
beauties,myths and arts, appearance of, Helen of Troy, in Dr. Faustus is not
unexpected. Old virtues and old beauties embellished Renaissance people’s
world. Faustus’s love for Helen reveals his love for pleasures and beauty which
is the Renaissance adoration for classical beauty. And the most important
element is Faustus’s rebellious spirit that reject Medieval restrictions and his
celebration of self and individualism. All these assertions reveals Renaissance
spirit of Marlowe and Dr.Faustus.

        In conclusion, Dr. Faustus mirrors
Elizabethan Renaissance virtues and individualism. Despite the play looks
supernatural and Satanic, it refers to real world. Faustus’s life journey sums
up Renaissance people’s desire to live their lives in an artistic way full with
pleasures and power. Moreover, as a morality play Faustus exhausts too much and
learns from his mistakes in the end. Marlowe mirrors religional changes and
doubts in Elizabethan Renaissance. Dr.Faustus does not end well, which
symbolizes that excessive of everying brings negative outcomes to both
individuals and to humanity.