Blood and blood vessels have been damaged.

Blood pressure usually related to the hypertension and can quietly damage our body for years before symptoms develop. Hypertension is called as the “silent killer” because high blood pressure generally does not cause symptoms until the affected person’s organs and blood vessels have been damaged.
When a person’s blood pressure is tested, two measurements are taken. So, hypertension is determined as a systolic pressure greater than 140 mm Hg and/or a diastolic pressure greater than 90 mm Hg. The systolic value is always higher than the diastolic value.
Hypertension has many serious effects to our body. It causes changes in the blood vessel walls. Increased damage makes the blood vessels more likely to develop atherosclerosis. In addition, hypertension causes undue stress on arterioles, resulting in thickening of the artherioles walls and reduction in luminal diameter, a condition called arteriolosclerosis. Futhermore, hypertension causes thickening of the renal arteries, leading to renal failure, and it can greatly damage the celebral arteries, making them prone to rupture, which results in a fatal brain haemorrhage or stroke. Finally, hypertension is a major cause of heart failure owing to the extra workload placed on the heart.
Everyone is encouraged to check their blood pressure early in life, The best way to detect hypertension is to have regular blood pressure screenings. Treatment of hypertension usually includes dietary modifications such as making lifestyle changes and taking prescription medications.
Fresh tips from dietary guidelines to reduce sodium intake in order to curb hypertension are:
• Prepare homemade meals and snacks as much as possible so it can control over salt intake
• Do not add salt while preparing food, even though instructions tell you to “add salt”
• Do not keep a salt shaker on table
• Flavor foods with garlic, citrus juice, and herbs and spices instead of adding salt
• Use garlic powder and onion powder to flavor foods, instead of “garlic salt” or “onion salt”
• Read the Nutrition Facts panels before purchasing packaged foods to determine sodium contents of the items.