A “Declaration of Conscience” was given by Senator Margaret Chase Smith of Maine on the Senate floor on June 1, 1950 when the tensions between the democratic U.S. and Communist Soviet Union were at the height during the Cold War. During this time, Senator Joseph McCarthy was in reign of power leading the Red Scare, referred to as McCarthyism, where he accused many innocent officials of being communists. Smith, like many, were concern about communists’ disruption, however, she became doubtful of McCarthy’s lack of evidence accusations. Smith took a stance against McCarthyism, and its abuse of fear for political gain in her speech to the Senate, and not only did she addressed to the American’s representatives but also to the citizens as she supports freedom of speech and for her fellow senators to maintain their constitutional rights of individual citizens.Smith uses clear and brief reasonings to persuade her audience in her speech. In her first sentence, she initiated that she would “speak briefly and simply” (Smith), demonstrating a sense of honesty with her audience. Without using her authority, she creates a trustworthy, reliable, and relatable speech with the American citizens, and to the legislators as well. This can be seen in the paragraph 4 of her speech where she states, “I speak as a Republican. I speak as a woman. I speak as a United States Senator. I speak as an American” (Smith). Her use of repetition creates a sense of unity among the different people that she is the same as them. She states her right to a position as an American citizen and a representative, proving her opinion and authorship, but she “speak briefly and simply” to carry out her argument effectively in an honest, reliable, and relatable use of simple language.Along the way, she made points about the freedom of speech, the right to criticize, the right to uphold unpopular beliefs, the right to protest, and right of independent thought. Smith expresses concern for the country based on the ineffective leadership, and the abuse of power of the Senate. She points out,” It is strange that we can verbally attack anyone else without restraint and with full protection, and yet we hold ourselves above the same type of criticism here on the Senate floor” (Smith). she felt that the Senate had failed to perform their duties by holding themselves above the citizens, and for that, the Americans are afraid to speak their minds for the fear that they would be targeted as communists. “Freedom of speech is not what it used to be in America,” Smith said. “It has been so abused by some that it is not exercised by others” (Smith). Throughout the speech, she constantly refers the Senate as “we”, showing that she is not above the citizens, nor anyone; she identifies herself to the audiences as a Senator, as a woman, and finally as an American. She collects her speech by announcing, “As an American, I want to see our nation recapture the strength and unity it once had when we fought the enemy instead of ourselves” (Smith). Despite their differences, Smith reminds her audiences and her colleagues their responsibilities and their constitutional rights as representatives exemplify “the strength and unity.”Unlike McCarthy, Smith uses rational language with supported facts and evidence to creates a more compelling and effective speech. Her argument is moving, yet so honest which gives the speech an honorable character. Being the first Senate to stand against McCarthy, and a woman at that, the public was in an uproar and news magazine mockingly ran a cover on her. Six of her fellow republican senators signed the declaration but it didn’t get a warm response from others. She received blacklashes and political punishment, but she stood to oppose McCarthy for the next four years. Today, the United States is still a two party system, and there are still many differences; however, Senator Margaret Chase Smith reminded us of the principles of a true Americans. In this time of division and amidst the political tensions, Senator Smith’s bravery and her hope for unity will always be remembered.