believe that the Bible is the inspired word of God, which is also mean to breathe
on and into. God breathed into certain man the things he wanted those men to
write about, which now has become the Bible.1Apostle
Peter wrote that, ‘knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture
comes from someone own interpretation. For no prophecy was ever produced by the
will of man, but that holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy
Spirit’ ( 2 Pet. 1: 20-21). From these verses it is understand that the author
of all the books in the Bible was inspired by the Holy Spirit. Peter is saying
that the writers of the Bible did not simply sit down one day and decide to
write something for prosperity. Rather they were under the control of the Holy
Spirit.2 It
was the Holy Spirit who guided them to write. Loius Berkhof expresses that “the
writers did not work in their own initiative, but as moved by the divine
initiative and borne by the irresistible power of the Spirit of God along ways
of choosing to ends of his appointment.”3

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The Bible was transmitted through the power of the Holy Spirit, is
recorded  in a written format.  Yes, God used human agents to pen the
words, but these authors were working under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.  The Bible was not
an oral transmission as
some liberal schools teach but a written
transmission, the Hebrew culture was literate from the earliest times as
validated in archeological records.  Therefore, through written
transmission, the Words of God were
recorded, and through the generations, the words were transmitted to the
present era.  The role of the Holy Spirit in the transmission of scripture
is noted in Zechariah.4 “Yes, they made their
hearts like flint, refusing to hear the law and the words which the Lord of
hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets. Thus great wrath
came from the Lord of hosts” (Zech. 7:12).  


Without the Holy
Spirit the canon cannot function as rule.5
The statement is true, there are many other books apart from the books that are
in the Bible which has been canonize. There are also many Church leaders on the
4th century who sit together to canonize the Bible. So without the
Holy Spirit the canon of the Bible cannot be function. D. O. Teasley stated
that “Canon is not the result of human legislation or of any decisive action on
the part of priest or ecclesiastic; it is the result of a gradual growth.”6 This
is understood that the canon of the Bible had gradually won recognition as
divine by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. The Bible is a divine-human
production, brought about by the synergistic action of the Holy Spirit and
humans. The Bible was produced by human beings as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.7
Jeremy Myers in his article explained that the scribes when they canonize the
Bible there are some criteria, and one of those criteria is about the testimony
of the Holy Spirit. He said that The
church authorities felt the inner witness of the Holy Spirit in
helping them select certain books.8
This is how the Scribes or the church fathers came and sit together to canon or
to measure the books that are written by different scholars and this one which
Myers said is one of the cri teria apart from six that he has mention. Another
theologian Clark Pinnock said that, “The Spirit did not reveal a list of
inspired books, but left their recognition to a historical process in which He
was active, God’s people learned to distinguish wheat from chaff, and gold from
gravel, as He worked in their hearts.”9
What Clark said is true the Holy Spirit give wisdom to the scribes and church
fathers to know what is good and what is bad. This point can be conclude by
what Wayne Grudem said in his book Systematic
Theology: An Introoduction to Biblical Doctrine,

can rest our confidence in this fact in the faithfulness of God our Father, who
would not lead all his people for nearly two thousand years to trust as his
Word something that is not. And we find our confidence repeatedly confirmed
both by historical investigation and by the work of the Holy Spirit in enabling
us to hear God’s voice in a unique way as we read from every one of the
sixty-six books in our present canon of Scripture.10


The work of the Holy Spirit in
communicating God’s truth to man is seen to have two stages. Firstly the objective
stage is revelation that is the disclosure of the truth in the Bible. Secondly
the subjective stage which is called illumination, the enlightenment of our
minds to comprehend the truth disclosed in the Bible. Each stage is essential.
Without revelation we have no truth to observed and without illumination no
ability with which to see it.11Revelation
means unveiling that which was hidden and God has chosen to reveal his
character and purpose in history through his deeds, in word through Scripture
and in ultimate and personal way through Christ. Illumination is the experience
in which spiritual discernment of Scripture is provided by the Holy Spirit.12Paul’s
own perspective will serve to illustrate what ought to be even more obvious,
that the New Testament is primarily about Jesus. Paul acknowledges in 1
Corinthians 2 that revelation, inspiration, and illumination are all brought
about by the Spirit of God. His focus on revelation by the Spirit is seen in 1
Corinthians 2:6-12, at the end of which passage he says, “Now we have received
not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us
by God.” But not only does the Spirit bring understanding and revelation of the
truth itself, the Spirit also works through Paul as he speaks so that the very
truth sand words he speaks communicating this revelation to others are actually
from the Spirit. He continues, “And we impart this i.e., this revelation in
words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting
spiritual truths to those who are spiritual.”But the work of the Spirit doesn’t
end there. Not only does the Spirit reveal truth to Paul, and then provide Paul
with the words to communicate these truths to others, the Spirit also work sin
believers’ minds to provide illumination to understand what is taught them. For
Paul then also says, “The natural person does not accept the things of the
Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them
because they are spiritually discerned. The spiritual person judges all things,
but is himself to be judged by no one” (1 Cor. 2:14-15). The Spirit of God,
then, is responsible, according to Paul, for bringing to him the revelation of
truth that he knows (vv. 6-12), for providing him with words to convey this
revelation to others (v. 13), and for helping Paul’s hearers understand what
they hear (vv. 14-16). Revelation, inspiration, and illumination of God’s truth
all come from the Spirit.13


According to the
Millard J. Erickson, “The Holy Spirit of God does a supernatural work of grace
in the believer’s mind and life, making possible understanding of the Scripture
that God has inspired.”14 What
Erickson said is true, even the evidences from the Bible are there. John 14:26
said ‘the counsellor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name,
will teach you all things and will remind you everything I have said to you’,
and John 16:12-15 said ‘I have much more to say to you, more you can now bear.
But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He
will not speak on his own, he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell
only what is yet to come’. From these two verses it is understand that the
apostles were not able to comprehend the significant of Christ’s death at that
time, here Christ promises by implication that the Holy Spirit will supervise
them and tell them what is yet to come.15

It can be
clearly understand from 1 Corinthians 2: 13-14 which say, “This is what we
speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the
Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words. The man without the
Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they
are foolishness to him,” God’s word is infallible, for what he has said is
true. But no Christians are has ever been or will ever be an infallible interpreter
of God’s word. God has made provision for us to grow in our understanding of
the truth and protect from the worst forms of misinterpretation. He has given
us teacher to instruct us.16 That
is the Holy Spirit. God’s book can be interpreted by God’s Spirit alone.17
We may not have direct access to the immediate authors (the biblical writers)
but we do to the ultimate author. In prayer we acknowledge that God is his own
interpreter, and we need the help of his Spirit to safeguard us against our
sinfulness and to grant us the illumination necessary to rightly understand and
respond to divine truth.18Therefore
the Spirit’s role in interpretation for us today means that Bible was given to
be understood by all believers and its interpretation is not in the hands of
top few scholars.19

Sanyu, “The Bible,” Baptist News 66 (2015) 29.

2 A. T. B. McGowan, The Divine Spiration of Scripture:
Challenging Evangelical Perspective (Nottingham: Inter-Varsity Press,
2007), 28-29.

3 Louis Berkhof, Principles of Biblical Interpretation
(Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1950), 41.

4 Truthnet, “Power in
the Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit in revelation,” http://www.truthnet.org/Holy-Spirit/3HolySpirit-Revelation/Index.htm, (accessed 22 January

5 Bruce Corley, Steve W.
Lemke and Grant I. Lovejoy, Biblical
Hermeneutic: A comprehensive Introduction to Interpreting Scripture
(Nashville, Tennesee: Broadman and Holman Publishers,2002), 204

6 D. O. Teasley, The Bible and How to Interpret It
(Anderson, Indiana: Gospel Trumpet, 1918), 33.

7 Kenneth E. Jones, The Word of God (Anderson, Indiana:
Warner Press, 1980), 29.

8 Jeremy Myers, ” The
Canonization of Scripture,” https://redeeminggod.com/canonization-of-scripture/ ( accessed 27 January

9 Clark
Pinnock, Biblical Revelation (Grand
Rapids: Baker Book House, 1973), 104.

10 Wayne Grudem, Systematic
Theology: An Introoduction to Biblical Doctrine (Grand
Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1994), 68.

11 John Stott, understanding
the Bible (Nashville: GLS Press, 1990), 157.

12 Corley, Lemke and
Lovejoy, Biblical Hermeneutic, 176-177.

13 Bruce Aware, Father, Son, & Holy Spirit : Relationship,
Roles, & Relevance (Wheaton, Illonois: Crossway Books a ministry of
Good News, 2005), 111.

14 Millard J. Erickson, Evangelical Interpretation (Grand
Rapids: Baker Books, 1993), 33.

15 Robert L. Reymond, A New Systematic Theology of the Christian
Faith (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publisher, 1998), 61.

16 Stott, understanding
the Bible, 156.

17 Stott, understanding
the Bible, 157.

18 R. J. Gibson (ed.),
Interpreting God’s Plan: Biblical
Theology and the Pastor (Adelaide, Australia: Openbook Publisher, 1997),72.

19 Roy B. Zuck, Basic Bible Interprettion (Secunderabad:
OM Books, 1991), 24.