12 Cyber Security Council Bill, 2014, which was

12        SWOT
analysis of cyber laws of Pakistan

The
SWOT analysis of Pakistan cyber laws consists of two steps. One is to recognize
the inner features which are strengths and weaknesses and other is outer
features which are opportunities and threats.

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·        
Strengths

Electronic
Transaction Ordinance 2002 had been broadcasted afterward accommodating the thought-provoking
condition, created by the augmented use of internet via electronic commerce.
After perceiving the shortages in Electronic
Transaction Ordinance 2002, a detailed law was presented in the form of an
Ordinance i.e. Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance 2007(PECO 2007) with
the opinion to discourse problems relating to ill use of technology. Opportunely, the importance of cybercrime laws was
again sensed in 2014 when three bills were introduced in the parliament: two
were nominated in Senate and one in National Assembly. All the laws worked for
the public benefits.

One
of these bills was Cyber Security Council Bill, 2014, which was presented in
Senate by Senator Musahid Hussain Syed. The
bill projected the development of National Cyber Security Council with the purpose
to mark policies, set strategies and governance model, demeanor research,
advise different branches of government, mark laws and to examine the condition
in international perspective and more. Prevention
of Electronic Crimes Bill, 2016 (PECB) aims at encouraging the Internet independences
having freedom of speech, access to information, privileges to privacy, submissive
meetings online and of suggestions. The Bill includes various sections open to vague
explanation, leaving sufficient area for waste and misuse by the formations as
well as tees them with widespread control of information pooled on the Internet
and legitimized inquiry. The Preface of the Bill postulates that the opportunity
of the law is very wide ranging as it agreements with the examination, the whole
process of test, hearing and most significantly it arguments about the
international cooperation, as it provides set-up for the test of mistakes under
the law.

·        
Weaknesses

Electronic
Transaction Ordinance 2002 law was not sanctioned with the purpose to punish
the criminals. Due to growth in the usage
of computer, new cybercrimes occurred but no one of these was contained within
the order. The condition at present is that most lawbreakers easily seepage the
penalty since magistrates are unable to mount charges in contrast to them.
Hindrance of Electronic Crimes Ordinance 2007 could
not achieve the status of an Act, and was cancelled in 2009. The legislature in Pakistan desires further development,
which can be accepted after making an allowance for the requirement of the
society. The traditional legitimate
system is facing excessive difficulties in keeping step with the speedy development
of the internet and its effect throughout the world. Some laws established by
the countries all around the world have miscarried to sufficiently fight the
effect of the Internet. The punishments specified
in the cyber laws are instable.

·        
Opportunities

Pakistan
takes stronger and faster steps to make use of all offered opportunities to increase
its current Cyber Law status to rise the level of security in a productive
environment supplied with e-businesses. So that the country could fascinate a
more assorted economic environment to take place that provisions both consumers
and organizations carrying out electronic businesses. Therefore, with more compact
and precise definite cybercrime laws, the country could fascinate more
electronic grounded services. The
government still has the chance to modernize its cyber law and make the essential
modifications to cover any ambiguities and contain new cultured topics and other
types of forthcoming cybercrimes. Furthermore,
accommodating international discussions will help the Pakistan government profit
from international capability which will subsidize in increasing the level of
knowledge associated to cyber security and deliver access to the newest discoveries
and results in the arena of cyber security.

Last
of all, the public and the private administrations should figure their security
strategies and cyber security attentiveness provisions in synchronization with
the government’s strategies and policies in order to generate a nontoxic cyber communal.

·        
Threats

Few
of the bill’s requirements disturb major rights and international standards on independence
of expression, and posture a severe threat to the capability of media to work generously.
The cyber laws of Pakistan posture severe threats to the freedom of information
and some necessities of the law required an explanation since conferring to
them there was a threat of ill use of these provisions. The laws establish a severe
threat to the essential rights to privacy and independence of expression of
Pakistani inhabitants. They also establish a severe threat to the labor and security
of reporters in Pakistan. It should also be distinguished that not only reporters
but also the usual Internet users could be seriously compressed by these requirements.
The new laws are in fact a nightmare for all
internet users. Only a single immoral share and you can discover yourself in
jail.  These laws are more frightening
than defending the people from cybercrimes.